Monday, May 25, 2009

Highland Regiments

The following 43 pages are in WIKIPEDIA FREE ENCYCLOPEDIA

48th Highlanders of Canada
51st Highland Volunteers
71st (Highland) Regiment of Foot
71st Regiment of Foot, Fraser's Highlanders
72nd Regiment of Foot
73rd Regiment of Foot
77th Regiment of Foot (Montgomerie's Highlanders)
78th (Highlanders) Regiment of Foot
78th Fraser Highlanders
79th New York Volunteer Infantry
84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants)
92nd (Gordon Highlanders) Regiment of Foot
93rd Regiment of Foot
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada (Princess Louise's)
Atholl Highlanders
Black Watch
Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment)
The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada
The Calgary Highlanders
The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa
Cape Breton Highlanders
Cape Town Highlanders t
Earl of Argyll's Regiment of Foot
Gordon Highlanders
Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons)
Lonach Highlanders
Lovat Scouts
Military of Scotland
The North Nova Scotia Highlanders
The Nova Scotia Highlanders
The Pictou Highlanders
Pretoria Highlanders
Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders
The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada
Queen's Own Highlanders (Seaforth and Camerons)
The Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Royal Regiment of Scotland
Scottish Horse
Scottish regiment
Seaforth Highlanders
The Seaforth Highlanders of Canada
The Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders

Wednesday, May 20, 2009

British Army Cavalry and Infantry Regimental list

This is a list of British Army cavalry and infantry regiments that were created by Childers reforms in 1881, a continuation of the Cardwell reforms.



Household Cavalry
1st Life Guards
2nd Life Guards

Cavalry of the Line

Heavy Cavalry
1st (King's) Dragoon Guards
2nd Dragoon Guards (Queen's Bays)
3rd (The Prince of Wales's) Dragoon Guards
4th (Royal Irish) Dragoon Guards
5th (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) Dragoon Guards
6th Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers)
7th (The Princess Royal's) Dragoon Guards

Light Cavalry
1st (Royal) Dragoons
2nd Dragoons (Royal Scots Greys)
3rd (The King's Own) Hussars
4th (The Queen's Own) Hussars
5th (Royal Irish) Lancers
6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons
7th (The Queen's Own) Hussars
8th (The King's Royal Irish) Hussars
9th (The Queen's Royal) Lancers
10th (The Prince of Wales's Own Royal) Hussars
11th (Prince Albert's Own) Hussars
12th (The Prince of Wales's Royal) Lancers
13th Hussars
14th (The King's) Hussars
15th (The King's) Hussars
16th (The Queen's) Lancers
17th (The Duke of Cambridge's Own) Lancers
18th Hussars
19th Hussars
20th Hussars
21st Hussars

Support Arms
Royal Regiment of Artillery
Corps of Royal Engineers
Royal Horse Artillery


Foot Guards
Grenadier Guards
Coldstream Guards
Scots Guards

Line Infantry (In order of precedence)
The Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 1st (The Royal) Regiment of Foot
The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment) 2nd (The Queen's Royal) Regiment of Foot
The Buffs (East Kent Regiment) 3rd (The East Kent) Regiment of Foot
The King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment) 4th (The King's Own Royal) Regiment of Foot
The Northumberland Fusiliers 5th Regiment of Foot (Northumberland Fusiliers)
The Royal Warwickshire Regiment 6th (Royal 1st Warwickshire) Regiment of Foot
The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) 7th (Derbyshire) Regiment of Foot
The King's (Liverpool Regiment) 8th (The King's) Regiment of Foot
The Norfolk Regiment 9th (The East Norfolk) Regiment of Foot
The Lincolnshire Regiment 10th (The North Lincolnshire) Regiment of Foot
The Devonshire Regiment 11th (The North Devonshire) Regiment of Foot
The Suffolk Regiment 12th (The East Suffolk) Regiment of Foot
The Prince Albert's (Somersetshire Light Infantry) 13th (1st Somersetshire)(Prince Albert's Light Infantry) Regiment of Foot
The Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire Regiment) 14th (Buckinghamshire, The Prince of Wales's Own) Regiment of Foot
The East Yorkshire Regiment 15th (The Yorkshire East Riding) Regiment of Foot
The Bedfordshire Regiment 16th (The Bedfordshire) Regiment of Foot
The Leicestershire Regiment 17th (The Leicestershire) Regiment of Foot
The Royal Irish Regiment 18th (The Royal Irish) Regiment of Foot
The Princess of Wales's Own (Yorkshire Regiment) 19th (The 1st Yorkshire North Riding - Prince of Wales's Own) Regiment of Foot
The Lancashire Fusiliers 20th (The East Devonshire) Regiment of Foot
The Royal Scots Fusiliers 21st (Royal Scots Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot
The Cheshire Regiment 22nd (The Cheshire) Regiment of Foot
The Royal Welsh Fusiliers 23rd Regiment of Foot (Royal Welsh Fusiliers)
The South Wales Borderers 24th (The 2nd Warwickshire) Regiment of Foot
The King's Own Borderers 25th (The York) Regiment of Foot (King's Own Borderers)
The Cameronians (Scotch Rifles) 26th (The Cameronians) Regiment of Foot
90th Regiment of Foot (Perthshire Volunteers) (Light Infantry)
The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers 27th (Inniskilling) Regiment of Foot
108th Regiment of Foot (Madras Infantry)
The Gloucestershire Regiment 28th (North Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot
61st (South Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot
The Worcestershire Regiment 29th (Worcestershire) Regiment of Foot 36th (Herefordshire) Regiment of Foot
The East Lancashire Regiment 30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment of Foot 59th (2nd Nottinghamshire) Regiment of Foot
The East Surrey Regiment 31st (Huntingdonshire) Regiment of Foot 70th (Surrey) Regiment of Foot
The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry 32nd (Cornwall Light Infantry) Regiment of Foot 46th (South Devonshire) Regiment of Foot
The Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment) 33rd (The Duke of Wellington's) Regiment of Foot 76th Regiment of Foot
The Border Regiment 34th (Cumberland) Regiment of Foot 55th (Westmorland) Regiment of Foot
The Royal Sussex Regiment 35th (Royal Sussex) Regiment of Foot 107th Regiment of Foot (Bengal Light Infantry)
The Hampshire Regiment 37th (North Hampshire) Regiment of Foot 67th (South Hampshire) Regiment of Foot
The South Staffordshire Regiment 38th (1st Staffordshire) Regiment of Foot 80th (Staffordshire Volunteers) Regiment of Foot
The Dorsetshire Regiment 39th (Dorsetshire) Regiment of Foot 54th (West Norfolk) Regiment of Foot
The Prince of Wales's Volunteers (South Lancashire Regiment) 40th (2nd Somersetshire) Regiment of Foot 82nd (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) Regiment of Foot
The Welsh Regiment 41st (The Welsh) Regiment of Foot 69th (South Lincolnshire) Regiment of Foot
The Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 42nd (Royal Highland) Regiment of Foot, The Black Watch 73rd (Perthshire) Regiment of Foot
The Oxfordshire Light Infantry 43rd (Monmouthshire) Regiment of Foot 52nd (Oxfordshire) Regiment of Foot
The Essex Regiment 44th (East Essex) Regiment of Foot 56th (West Essex) Regiment of Foot
The Sherwood Foresters (Derbyshire Regiment) 45th (Nottinghamshire) Regiment of Foot 95th (Derbyshire) Regiment of Foot
The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment 47th (The Lancashire) Regiment of Foot 81st (Loyal Lincoln Volunteers) Regiment of Foot
The Northamptonshire Regiment 48th (The Northamptonshire) Regiment of Foot 58th (The Rutlandshire) Regiment of Foot
Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Berkshire Regiment) 49th (Princess Charlotte of Wales's)(Hertfordshire) Regiment of Foot 66th (Berkshire) Regiment of Foot
The Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment) 50th (The Queen's Own) Regiment of Foot 97th (The Earl of Ulster's) Regiment of Foot
The King's Own Light Infantry (South Yorkshire Regiment) 51st Regiment of Foot (King's Own Light Infantry) 105th Regiment of Foot (Madras Light Infantry)
The King's Light Infantry (Shropshire Regiment) 53rd (The Shropshire) Regiment of Foot 85th (The King's Light Infantry) Regiment of Foot
The (Duke of Cambridge's Own) Middlesex Regiment 57th (The West Middlesex) Regiment of Foot 77th (The East Middlesex) Regiment of Foot
The King's Royal Rifle Corps 60th (The King's Royal Rifle Corps) Regiment of Foot
The (Duke of Edinburgh's) Wiltshire Regiment 62nd (The Wiltshire) Regiment of Foot 99th Duke of Edinburgh's (Lanarkshire) Regiment of Foot
The Manchester Regiment 63rd (The West Suffolk) Regiment of Foot 96th Regiment of Foot
The (Prince of Wales's) North Staffordshire Regiment 64th (2nd Staffordshire) Regiment of Foot 98th (The Prince of Wales's) Regiment of Foot
The York and Lancaster Regiment 65th (2nd Yorkshire, North Riding) Regiment of Foot 84th (York and Lancaster) Regiment of Foot
The Durham Light Infantry 68th (Durham) Regiment of Foot (Light Infantry) 106th Regiment of Foot (Bombay Light Infantry)
The Highland Light Infantry 71st (Highland) Regiment of Foot (Light Infantry) 74th (Highland) Regiment of Foot
Seaforth Highlanders (Duke of Albany's/Ross-shire Buffs) 72nd (Duke of Albany's Own Highlanders) Regiment of Foot 78th (Highlanders) Regiment of Foot (The Ross-shire Buffs)
The Gordon Highlanders 75th (Stirlingshire) Regiment of Foot 92nd (Gordon Highlanders) Regiment of Foot
The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders 79th (The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders) Regiment of Foot
The Royal Irish Rifles 83rd (County of Dublin) Regiment of Foot 86th (Royal County Down) Regiment of Foot
Princess Victoria's (Royal Irish Fusiliers) 87th (Royal Irish Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot 89th (The Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot
The Connaught Rangers 88th Regiment of Foot (Connaught Rangers) 94th Regiment of Foot
Princess Louise's (Sutherland and Argyll Highlanders) 91st (Princess Louise's Argyllshire) Regiment of Foot 93rd (Sutherland Highlanders) Regiment of Foot
The Prince of Wales's Leinster Regiment (Royal Canadians) 100th (Prince of Wales's Royal Canadians) Regiment of Foot 109th Regiment of Foot (Bombay Infantry)
The Royal Munster Fusiliers 101st Regiment of Foot (Royal Bengal Fusiliers) 104th Regiment of Foot (Bengal Fusiliers)
The Royal Dublin Fusiliers 102nd Regiment of Foot (Royal Madras Fusiliers) 103rd Regiment of Foot (Royal Bombay Fusiliers)
The Prince Consort's Own Rifle Brigade
1st West India Regiment
2nd West India Regiment

Commissariat and Transport Corps
Army Hospital Corps
Army Ordnance Corps
Corps of Military Mounted Police
Corps of Army Schoolmasters
Army Chaplain's Department
Army Pay Department
Army Veterinary Department
Army Nursing Service

Most of the uniforms worn by these regiments are represented in the Soldiers’ Soldiers range.

Tuesday, May 19, 2009

Boxer Rebellion

The Boxer Rebellion, more properly called the Boxer Uprising, or the "Righteous Harmony Society Movement" in Chinese, was a violent anti-foreign, anti-Christian movement by the "Righteous Fists of Harmony,” or Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists in China (known as "Boxers" in English), between 1898 and 1901. In response to imperialist expansion, growth of cosmopolitan influences, and missionary evangelism, and against the backdrop of state fiscal crisis and natural disasters, local organizations began to emerge in Shandong in 1898. At first, they were relentlessly suppressed by the Qing Dynasty (also known as the Manchu Dynasty). Later, the Qing dynasty tried to expel western influence from China. Under the slogan "Support the Qing, destroy the foreign", Boxers across North China attacked mission compounds. They killed missionaries and Chinese Christians.

In June 1900, Boxer fighters, lightly armed or unarmed, gathered in Beijing to besiege the foreign embassies. On June 21, the conservative faction of the Imperial Court induced the Empress Dowager, who ruled in the emperor’s name, to declare war on the foreign powers that had diplomatic representation in Beijing. Diplomats, foreign civilians, soldiers and some Chinese Christians retreated to the Legation Quarter where they held out for fifty-five days until the Eight-Nation Alliance brought 20,000 troops to their rescue.

The Boxer Protocol of September 7, 1901 ended the uprising and provided for severe punishments, including an indemnity of 67 million pounds.

The Qing Dynasty was greatly weakened, and was eventually overthrown by the 1911 revolution, which led to the establishment of the Chinese Republic. Wikipedia Free Encyclopedia

A film "55 Days at Peking" was made in 1962 with Charlton Heston, David Niven and Ava Gardner, it was the first united nations action.

The Boxer movement started to spiral out of control and massacres of Chinese Christians began, along with anti Western riots and destruction of foreign property. At the end of May a riot in Pao Ting Fu lead to the death of two British missionaries, the Western Diplomats in Peking gave the Chinese 24 hours to put down the Boxers or they would use force themselves calling up troops from the foreign enclaves on the coast. Riots and acts of sabotage cut the railway and telegraph lines and the Western powers ordered their troops to move up to Peking before the Chinese gave their answer. After some delay by the Chinese the Western troops finally advanced in-country on 31st May 1900, with 340 marines entering the foreign legation quarter that night with another 90 troops arriving 4 days later. These would be the last reinforcements the Western compounds would receive in Peking until the siege by the Boxer forces was lifted on 14th August.

On 9th June the Boxers burned down the Racecourse, the first attack on western property in Peking, The British minister Sir Claude MacDonald immediately requested a British relief force be sent. Telegraph lines were soon cut and mail stopped - it was clear that the Western delegations would be the next target, Chinese Imperial troops were seen openly aiding the Boxers and on the 11th the Japanese Chancellor of the legation was murdered. Chinese Christians and westerners now sought refuge in the two remaining western areas of Peking, the Legation quarter and the Pei T’ang Cathedral. On the 16th the Boxers set a fire and destroyed over 4,000 shops which dealt with westerners. On the 19th the ministers received an ultimatum for all foreigners to evacuate the city in 24 hours or their safety could not be guaranteed. The ministers refused to move and requested an audience with the Chinese foreign office. When no reply was forth coming the German foreign minister set out for the Chinese Foreign office, was stopped and murdered by Chinese Imperial troops. At 4pm on 20th June Chinese forces opened fire on the Legation and the Siege of Peking had begun. Within the Legation quarters were troops from Austria-Hungary, France, Great Britain, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia and the United States, totaling about 400 men and officers, plus 75 ex military volunteers and 50 civilians who called themselves Thornhill’s Roughs armed with a variety of hunting weapons and nicknamed the Carving Knife Brigade because of the kitchen knives they used as bayonets. At the Cathedral there were just over 40 French and Italian troops. The defenders fought bravely and were highly organised with committees dealing with everything from food to sanitation - no one was without a job. Sporadic fighting took place including the Chinese use of mines to destroy some legations with the 7th Rajputs and British General Gaselee finally lifted the siege on 14th August. The Cathedral was also the site of fierce fighting but the skill of the defenders held out against almost 2000 Boxers including one volley of 58 rounds which killed 43 Boxers, although many children died in the Chinese mine attacks on the Cathedral including one group of 66 children in the care of the nuns.

The relief expedition under Admiral Seymour had expected to be in Peking within a day of leaving and only packed rations for 3 days despite having 100 miles of railway across hostile countryside to travel on. Boxer attacks and destruction of the tracks led to delay after delay and finally the Force decided to halt at Hsiku when they discovered they had captured a Chinese army depot with food and supplies. They were met by a force of Cossacks on the 26th June. Other allied operations were carried out against the forts at Taku with the Chinese laying siege to Tientsin. The Chinese officially declared war against the allies on 21st June. 10,000 Imperial troops surrounded Tientsin where they faced 2,400 western troops but the defenders had the advantage of good defences planned by a young American engineer, the future president Herbert Hoover. Various serious assaults on the Western positions were beaten back and finally aid was summoned by an Englishman James Watts and three Cossacks escaping the besiegers to get to Taku and the Western forces there. The Western forces then believed reports of a massacre in Peking so felt in no rush to liberate the city. It came as a surprise when a messenger made it through to the Allies in late July informing them that the Legations still held, meanwhile a huge International force under the command of General Albrecht Graf Von Waldersee was on its way but would arrive too late to see much action.

A film on the taking of the Taku Forts, 1850’s, also in China, was made in the 70's by the BBC, and John Tunstill produced specially made 25mm Chinese warriors in his Lambeth workshop. The allied troops were a selection of standard castings which were in production at the time. The film was an "animated" record of hundreds of Chinese troops moving within the fort, and British red-coats advancing across the mud flats to attack. The film crew used stop motion, frame by frame, exposures to record the figures, who were then moved a centimetre, and re-photographed. When viewed at normal speed these individual frames gave the impression of movement. Cannons and crews were "blown-up" by using small explosive charges, and battlefield smoke was provided by Players cigarettes. A 35mm film exists of this programme.

Wednesday, May 13, 2009


Can you tell me who the maker is and the names of these soldiers? I have 8 of them and don't know what to call them.

Thanks, Cindy


Made in the 1970's by SAE (Swedish African Engineers) at their factory in Ireland. They are West African soldiers, often called Askaris, and served in the colonial armies probably prior to WW1. These are probably French, but could be Belgian or even German units. I don't recognise the uniforms.

Best wishes

John Tunstill

Thursday, May 07, 2009

Calling all British and Commonwealth Expats in Italy

The Italy Star Association – a thriving association of British Commonwealth service veterans who served during the Italy, Greece, Yugoslavia and other Mediterranean region campaigns of World War Two. They are planning a major event in late Autumn to be held in central Rome. Provisionally Saturday the 28th November, though this has still to be finalised..

With support already coming in from Milan, Umbria and Rome, the organisers would like to invite all British and Commonwealth Ex Pats to get involved and come along and enjoy the day. What is planned will not be a militaly or political event but an annual oportunity for people living here to get- together, socialise and also show their appreciation to their Italian hosts.

Further information can be obtained by contacting

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